Looking north from Taipei City, the range of mountains you can see in the distance fringing the Taipei basin from left to right, Mt. Xiangtian, Mt. Miantian, Mt. Datun, Mt. Xiaoguanyin and Mt. Qixing are the heart of Yangmingshan National Park.
The park is famous for its unique volcanic geology and topographical sights, with signs of volcanic activity like fumaroles and hot springs everywhere. It’s easy to reach from Taipei, just one hour by bus. Due to its accessibility for the people of northern Taiwan, on weekends and holidays the park attracts countless hikers and other visitors who come to enjoy the scenery.
Yangmingshan used to be known as Tsaoshan (Grass Mountain), a term which embraced the whole area of Mt. Datun, Mt. Qxing and Mt. Shamao with its grassy slopes. In Taiwan’s early pioneering days, mainland immigrants from Zhangzhou and Quanzhow farmed here. In the late 19th century the area still belonged to Tamsui district, but eventually the Japanese colonial authorities incorporated it into Taipei. Tsaoshan Management Bureau, established in 1945, was redesignated as Yangmingshan Management Bureau in 1950 when the area was renamed.